What is Gestational Surrogacy and Who Can Benefit from It
If due to some reasons a woman isn’t able to carry a pregnancy of her own, the couple may use a gestational carrier, “another woman to carry the baby for her” until birth. This process of using a surrogate mother or host uterus is called gestational surrogacy. The woman carrying the child is not genetically related to the child since the sperms and eggs come from the biological parents.
What Does It Involve?
Gestational Surrogacy is ideal where normal embryos can be formed but it is necessary for the embryos to develop in a (host) uterus rather than the egg donor. The eggs are retrieved from the intending mother / egg donor, fertilized with the husband’s sperms through In Vitro Fertilization and the resultant embryo is transferred to the surrogate mother to carry to term.
The actual process is simple. The menstrual cycle of the surrogate mother is controlled. Estrogen production will be boosted medically after menses to induce growth of the uterus lining. When it is ready progesterone is induced and the embryo(s) transferred non-surgically into the uterine cavity (this process may vary from one program to the next).
Who Can It Benefit?
According to an expert at the IVF San Diego, patients who benefit from gestational surrogacy are those who’ve had hysterectomy, have severe uterine anomalies, or have been advised not carry a pregnancy for specific medical reasons. These anomalies and reasons include disorders such as fibroids, adenomyosis, and Asherman’s. Other reasons are if the uterus isn’t functioning or has been surgically removed, recurrent loss of pregnancy, scarring of the uterine cavity, male same-sex partners, and recurrent IVF failures.
Who Can Be A Carrier?
A woman of proven fertility and who is under the age of 40 is recommended by many programs including IVF San Diego. They should have at least a healthy living child and stay committed to all her surrogate obligations. But since the male partner’s sperms must be frozen in quarantine for six months prior to its transfer to the gestational carrier, surrogacy takes longer than the other infertility treatments.
The Merits and Costs
Anyone opting for surrogacy for infertility treatments will have a healthy baby irrespective of the parent’s health complications. The children conceived are also biologically associated to them. Because Gestational Surrogacy has so many factors it is expensive and could go past $80,000. The most critical issues include the legal assignment of parental rights as it must involve legal counsel.
There are a number of fertility treatments that couples wishing to get babies of their own can go with. However Gestational Surrogacy is a more ideal process since it gives room for biological children or partially biological children even when they have severe uterine anomalies. By 2008 a research by the Society for Assisted Reproduction found out that close to 140,700 successful IVF cycles had been done. Borrowing from this, today surrogacy must have accounted for a great solution to quite a number of infertilities.